A proxy server acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from servers that provide those resources, In other words, The proxy controls and filters the data that go through it. Hence, organizations use it to filter and control Internet access, or to protect their servers. This article explains how to setup IIS reverse proxy using Application Request Routing ARR addons, So you can protect your servers.
This article is part of a series, how to manage, and troubleshoot the Microsoft IIS server.
- Install IIS on Windows Server.
- Configure a reverse proxy.
- Setup IIS SSL certificate.
- troubleshoot IIS reverse proxy error 500.25.
- troubleshoot IIS reverse proxy ERR_CONNECTION_RESET.
Why would I setup a reverse proxy?
Proxy servers provide varying levels of functionality, for example, security to achieve load balancing and high availability. For example, a website may have several web servers behind the reverse proxy for high availability. Above all, It depends on your use-case, needs, or company’s policy.
How to configure a reverse proxy server on IIS server?
Easy two steps to enable reverse proxy in IIS.
Install IIS extension.
- URL rewrite extension: Download the extension from here. Or google it.
- Application Request Routing (ARR) extension from here. Or google it.
Create an inbound rule
Allow redirection of any request coming to proxy to your Internal server.
Create outbound rule (Optional)
Allow you to control outbound transactions based on conditions redirection of any transaction coming from the server to the client to be masked with a specific URL.
Full example, step by step Setup IIS reverse proxy.
In this example we prepare two servers, the internal web server uses Ubuntu and the second server will act as a proxy server. As shown in the following table
Server names should be added to the client hosts file
Configure Internal server Installing Apache webserver
Easy steps just install apache webserver using the following command
sudo apt-get install apache2 -y
Then , check if the apache installed the default index.html page. by executing the following command.
Also, test your installation by opening your browser. then, type Ubuntu server IP to test if the webserver is runing. You should see a page like that
Configure IIS Proxy Server
Firstly, Open the IIS Manager. then, on the left side Navigate under “server name”, right-click on “Sites”, then chose Add website. After that, In the new window, enter the website name, location, and Listening Host-name.
Than, On the right side click on URL Rewrite Icon.
Choose Reverse Proxy then click OK. It will ask if you want to enable Proxy functionality, so click OK.
After that, when the Add Reverse Proxy window appears in the upper section titled ” inbound Rules” enter the Internal server hostname or IP of the internal server where HTTP requests will be forwarded to.
Finally, do not check the outbound rules as we will configure it separately, Click OK.
To summarize, with these steps you configured IIS to work as a reverse proxy server. you can test your efforts by typing the IP/URL in the browser.